Gateway Health and Environmental Effects Citations

1. EPA weight-of evidence category, "not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity", usually due to inadequate data. US EPA, 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. May 10, 2005. http://npic.orst.edu/chemicals_evaluated.pdf

2. EPA weight-of evidence category, "evidence of non-carcinogenicity for humans."US EPA, 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. May 10, 2005. http://npic.orst.edu/chemicals_evaluated.pdf

3. International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization (IARC) category, the agent (mixture) is possibly carcinogenic to humans. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php

4. Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET) Pesticide Information Profiles. http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/ghindex.html

5. Illinois EPA, Endocrine Disruptors Strategy, February 1997. http://www.idaillinois.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/edi/id/174979/rec/3

6. Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides (NCAP), Pesticide Factsheets. http://www.pesticide.org/get-the-facts/pesticide-factsheets.

7. Beyond Pesticides ChemWatch Factsheets. (Cited under factsheets on Beyond Pesticides Gateway)

8. US EPA, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Reregistration Eligibility Decisions (REDs), Interim REDS (iREDs) and RED Factsheets. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/status.htm.

9. Picloram causes birth defects when used in combination with 2,4-D (as is common in formulations), according to Reference #3.

10. EPA weight-of-evidence category, "possible human carcinogen." US EPA, 2004. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. July 29, 2004. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/carlist/

11. US EPA, 2000. Table 1: Toxicity Data by Category for Chemicals Listed under EPCRA Section 313. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Program.

http://www.epa.gov/tri/trichemicals/hazardinfo/hazard_chronic_non-cancer95.pdf

12. EPA weight-of-evidence category, "Likely to be carcinogenic to humans (high does); Not likely to be carcinogenic to humans (low doses)." US EPA, 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. May 10, 2005. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/carlist/

13. Frazier, L. and M.L. Hage. 2001. Reproductive Hazards of the Workplace. Europe: Wiley. Table 10: Partial List of Reproductive Toxins. http://www.biosci.osu.edu/safety/CHP/Tables2001/Table10-11-00.pdf.

14. Environmental Defense Fund, Scorecard Database. http://www.scorecard.org/chemical-profiles/.

15. EPA weight-of-evidence category, "Group B2 – Probable Human Carcinogen." US EPA, 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. May 10, 2005. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/carlist/

16. EPA weight-of-evidence category, "Likely to be carcinogenic to humans." US EPA, 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. May 10, 2005. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/carlist/

17. New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Right to Know Hazardous Substances Fact Sheets. Available online at http://web.doh.state.nj.us/rtkhsfs/indexfs.aspx

18. Gosselin, R.E., R.P. Smith, and H.C. Hodge. 1984. Clinical Toxicology of Commerical Products, 5th edition. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.

19. Tew, J.E. 1996. Protecting Honeybees from Pesticides. Ohio State University Cooperative Extension. http://web.archive.org/web/20031123075324/http://beelab.osu.edu/factsheets/sheets/2161.html

20. Briggs, S.A. 1992. Basic Guide to Pesticides: Their Characteristics and Hazards. Washington, DC: The Rachel Carson Council, 98. http://www.rachelcarsoncouncil.org/index.php?page=basic-guide-to-pesticides

21. California Environmental Protection Agency. Proposition 65: Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. http://www.oehha.org/prop65/prop65_list/files/P65single052413.pdf

22. US EPA, 2006. Hazard Assessment of the Organophosphates. Hazard ID Committee Report.http://www.epa.gov/oppsrrd1/cumulative/2006-op/op_cra_main.pdf

23. US EPA, 1995. Monosodium Methanearsonate and Disodium Methanearsonate; Toxic Chemical Release Reporting; Community Right-to-Know. Federal Register Environmental Documents. http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-TRI/1995/April/Day-20/pr-13.html.

24. US EPA. Integrated Risk Information System Database. http://www.epa.gov/iris/.

25. The Pesticide Management Education Program at Cornell University. Pesticide Active Ingredient Information. http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/profiles/index.html.

26. EPA weight-of-evidence category, "Suggestive evidence of carcinogenicity but not sufficient to assess human carcinogenic potential." US EPA, 2005. Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential. May 10, 2005. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/carlist/

27. National Library of Medicine. TOXNET Hazardous Substances Database. http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB.

28. Colborn, T., et al. 1994. Developmental Effects of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals in Wildlife and Humans. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 14:469-489. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science? _ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V9G-4915MNR-2J&_user=10&_coverDate=11%2F30%2F1994&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c& _searchStrId=1464935807&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10& md5=8440cc85afbe31b037291e5ddaacc9d5&searchtype=a

29. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ToxFAQs. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/index.asp.

30. Colborn, T., D. Dumanoski, and J.P. Myers. 1996. Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival? New York: Dutton. http://ourstolenfuture.org/Basics/chemlist.htm

31. Feldman, J. and T. Shistar. 1997. Poison Poles: A Report About their toxic trail and the safer alternatives. National Coalition Against the Misuse of Pesticides. http://www.beyondpesticides.org/wood/pubs/poisonpoles/index.html.

32. Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), Endosulfan- Risk Characterization Document. California Environmental Protection Agency, 2007. http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/emon/pubs/tac/tacpdfs/endosulfan/exec_sum.pdf

33. Californians for Alternatives to Toxics (CATs). Toxicological Profiles. http://www.alternatives2toxics.org/tox_profiles.htm

34. Insecticide Resistance Action Committe (IRAC) eClassification of Chemical Mode of Action http://www.irac-online.org/eClassification/

35. Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS). http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/rtecs/default.html

36. European Commission. Endocrine Disruptors: Study on Gathering Information on 435 Substances with Insufficient Data. Final Report. EU DG Environment: B4-3040/2001/325850/MAR/C2. BKH Consulting Engineers: M0355037. November 2002. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/endocrine/documents/bkh_report.pdf#page=76

37. U.S. Geological Survey, Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992-2001. http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/pnsp/pubs/circ1291/appendix7. 2006.

38. Thurman, E.M. and A.E. Cromwell. 2000. Atmospheric Transport, Deposition, and Fate of Triazine Herbicides and Their Metabolites in Pristine Areas at Isle Royale National Park. Environmental Science and Technology 34:3079-3085. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es000995l

39. U.S. EPA, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, New Active Ingredients Factsheets:
http://web.archive.org/web/20120107215849/http://www.epa.gov/opprd001/factsheets/index.htm or http://iaspub.epa.gov/apex/pesticides/f?p=CHEMICALSEARCH:1:

40. Mineau, P., A. Baril, B.T. Collins , J. Duffe, G. Joerman, R. Luttik. 2001. Reference values for comparing the acute toxicity of pesticides to birds. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 170:13-74. http://web.archive.org/web/20081006213641/http://www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/pesticides/aims/aims/toxicitytable.cfm

41. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme. 2009. AMAP Assessment 2009: Human Health in the Arctic. http://www.amap.no/

42. Hageman, et al. 2006. Atmospheric Deposition of Current-Use and Historic-Use Pesticides in Snow at National Parks in the Western United States. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2006, 40 (10), pp 3174–3180. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es060157c

43. Pesticide Action Network Pesticide Database. http://www.pesticideinfo.org.

44. Federal Register. September 5, 2008. http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-PEST/2008/September/Day-05/p20548.htm

45. Federal Register. March 21, 2003. http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-PEST/2003/March/Day-21/p6822.htm

46. Fluoride Action Alert Pesticide Project Factsheets. http://www.fluoridealert.org/f-pesticides.htm

47. EPA docket ID EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0324.

48. USDA/Forest Service. 2009. Dinotefuran: Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment Final Report. http://www.fs.fed.us/foresthealth/pesticide/pdfs/0521803b_Dinotefuran.pdf

49. U.S. Department of Energy Bonneville Power Administration. 2000. Halosulfuron: Herbicide Fact Sheet http://www.efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/Vegetation_Management/sheets/Halosulfuron.pdf

50.IUPAC Agrochemical Information. http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/iupac/

51. Fenbuconazole - Pesticide Tolerance. 2002. http://www.epa.gov/EPA-PEST/2002/January/Day-15/p962.htm

52. California Department of Pesticide Regulation, Public Reports on New Active Ingredients http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/registration/ais/publicreports/publicreports.htm

53. EPA Pesticide Registration Review Status http://www.epa.gov/oppsrrd1/registration_review/reg_review_status.htm

54. NTP. 12th Report on Carcinogens. http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/twelfth/roc12.pdf

55. UC IPM Online. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/GENERAL/pesticides.html

56. PAN Pesticide Database. http://www.pesticideinfo.org/Search_Chemicals.jsp

 

 

 

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